Named Mumtaz Mahal, she died in childbirth in 1631. Nearby are the 20m-high, red-brick walls of Agra Fort, a Mughal fortress and palace dating to the 16th and 17th centuries. Modern human hunter-gatherers have been in Uttar Pradesh since between around 85 and 73 thousand years ago. There have also been pre-historical finds in Uttar Pradesh from the Middle and Upper Paleolithic dated to 21–31 thousand years old and Mesolithic/Microlithic hunter-gatherer‘s settlement, near Pratapgarh, from around 10550–9550 BC. Villages with domesticated cattle, sheep, and goats and evidence of agriculture began as early as 6000 BC, and gradually developed between c. 4000 and 1500 BC beginning with the Indus Valley Civilisation and Harappa Culture to the Vedic period; extending into the Iron Age.
Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. Its city of Agra is home to the iconic Taj Mahal monument, a colossal, domed, white-marble mausoleum honoring the wife of Mughal ruler Shah Jahan.
Places in Uttar PradeshFind More
A perfect city for exploring on foot with a shop around every corner. Much of the inner city can be walked without trouble, however, in parts walking include crowds, uneven streets, heavy traffic, and skinny sidewalks. If that's a problem, there are plenty of taxi's to ride in and scooters to rent.
How to Travel
- Subway - The metro is the fastest transportation. Running 5am to 10pm every day.
- Bus & Train - Operated by an independent organization, busses and trains include wifi access for the public. You can take any bus or train marked with the (B Public) sign for free.
- Taxi - Available in all parts of the city. From a restaurant or hotel you can have them call the city taxi service.
- Car - Rental cars are easy to get and hotels have good parking prices. Once in the main city, you can often walk so we suggest returning the when you arrive.
- Bike - The best way to get around, other than walking, is by bike. If you don't mind hills, you can bike anywhere. If that's not for you, stick to the inner city with your bike.
Mini TripsJust a few miles away you can explore the history and legacy, drink wine and relax. You can wander the hills or be lulled by the fountains. If you have time, the attractions can fill 3 days. We've highlighted the best ones here.
ToursBecause of the number of sights to see, some first-time visitors should start with an organized tour. Some things can be covered in depth, other are just useful for getting your bearings. The leading tour operators use local historians to lead their tours. Guides offer walking tours, including visits to monuments, museums, and historic locations, as well as eating tours. Tour prices can be high, but most participants consider them a trip highlight. In addition, there are many family related tours, sights and more appealing activites to children. Walking tours, like the 3 hour ghost tour, is an exclusive in the early evening. A bus excursion ruins special tours like you've never seen. Also worth consideration, a group of art historians and architects do a theatrical retelling from dramatic scripts. Go on a tour, expect guides to break out into a rendition of "Singing in the Rain", it's a lot of fun.
Planning a Trip
VisasCheck with the appropriate consulate or embassy in your country to find out if you will need a visa to visit the country of your destination, especially for an extended period of time. Some countries have extremely detailed and complicated entry/departure laws, and treat visits of a week or two very differently from longer stays.
MoneyIf you're traveling to one area, check the cost of living there. If it's high you'll probably want to budget more carefully and save some money before leaving. The lower the cost of living the less you'll have to save, but be sure to have a back up reserve in emergency cases.
Talk to other people who have done a similar trip.If you don't know anyone personally, try any of the dozens of online travel web sites full of first-person travel stories covering every possible type of trip.
Plan big and loose. Read everything you can about the area.There may be sights and attractions you didn't know about. A rough outline of your trip might have three or four target points and a variety of ways to get between them.
You don't want to find out that the weather isn't what you thought, or the guide book was incorrect, after committing to 6 weeks in a specific spot.Some trips will allow you more leeway than others. Travel plans in Asia can often be made day-by-day while summer travel in Europe should be organized at least a few weeks ahead, unless you're prepared to hunt around for hotel rooms and train seats.
Set up a pre-trip time-line so you don't end up with a full todo list your last week of work or school.Things to consider are doctor's visits for a check up, inoculations, and prescription refills; purchasing plane tickets; renewing passports and obtaining visas and other documents.
Check your insurance coverage abroad and purchasing additional travel insurance if needed. Don't forget visiting friends and family members!
The longer the trip, the lighter you should pack. This might seem strange, but it's true you can afford to lug a heavy bag around for a week or two, but do you want to have anything extra for a year?Stick to the absolute basics and know what you can and cannot buy at your destination(s). There's no point in bringing 6 months of toothpaste to Europe or buying a sarong at home to take to the tropics. If you are visiting several climates, try to arrange it so you visit the warmer places first and coldest last. That way you can purchase sweaters and long pants and not have to carry them any more than needed. Alternately, visit cold climates first and then ship unneeded layers home — or sell them off.
A good rule of thumb is to bring one outfit for the hottest day you're likely to encounter, one for an average day, and one for the coldest.Make sure everything goes with everything else (if that's important to you), and remember that layers are always best.
Be prepared for uncomfortable trips. You will often find yourself in a busy, cramped, economy class environment and it could be for many hours - especially long plane trips.If you want to arrive at your destination refreshed and able to enjoy the sights, then try a good quality travel pillow to support your head, some ear plugs to block out the screaming babies, and an eye cover to block out the sun or cabin lights.
Just avoid those cheap U-shaped pillows from airport shops - your head drops forward and you wake up with a stiff neck.
Make contact with the locals before you go.Maybe you have a friend-of-a-friend or a foreign exchange student from high school you remember, or just found a friend through a travel web site; almost everyone is happy to welcome a foreign visitor to their home town. This might be as elaborate as a home-stay for a few weeks, or just coffee in their home town or dinner at a locals restaurant.
Starting from Bengal in the second half of the 18th century, a series of battles for north Indian lands finally gave the British East India Company accession over the state's territories. Ajmer and Jaipur kingdoms were also included in this northern territory, which was named the "North-Western Provinces" (of Agra). Although UP later became the fifth largest state of India, NWPA was one of the smallest states of the British Indian empire. Its capital shifted twice between Agra and Allahabad.
Exploring the AreaThe kingdom of Kosala, in the Mahajanapada era, was located within the regional boundaries of modern-day Uttar Pradesh. According to Hindu legend, the divine king Rama of the Ramayanaepic reigned in Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala.
Coastal AdventuresThe kingdom of Kosala, in the Mahajanapada era, was located within the regional boundaries of modern-day Uttar Pradesh. According to Hindu legend, the divine king Rama of the Ramayanaepic reigned in Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala.
Eating and DrinkingHuge plates of pasta, fresh cheese and the noisy tables in a one of the areas famous Italian restaurants. Dig into steaming bowls of soup and platters of fresh fish, shrimp, clams and more at the famous seafood restaurants. Find one of the city's many micro-brews for an experience to remember, as long as you don't enjoy too much. Be prepared for loads of fresh fruits, veggies and specialty cheese.
History & Culture
Early HistoryHome to years of history, which stretched far and wide. Due to the characteristic weather, the earliest explorers completely bypassed the area. The first settlement in the area was founded 1770 as a mission community. In addition to the mission, a military fort was built. Upon gaining independence, the area grew quickly. The old system gradually came to an end and private ownership of land became common. The first significant settlement on the outside of the area. As the new settlement gradually grew, a street plan developed and became attractive to settlers. Over the next years, the area officially became part of the surrounding country. The area began to explode in population with many immigrants seeking fortunes, creating one of the largest imigrant populations. During this time, many large organizations and businesses grew and did very well. With all this success came quick growth and city planning and infrastructure were necessary. This led to better living conditions and many good years.
Later GrowthIn the 1890's, a large campaign began to improve the city, the success of which led to a renaming. In 1901, a natural disaster changed the city and a fire destroyed much of the area. The decision was made to start a rebuilding plan for the city, with new parks and landmarks. After the Great Depression of the 1930's, the city was mostly unharmed. It was during this time that government construction projects were conceived and built. It was also this time the government established a prison which would hold some of the most notorious criminals of the time. After World War II, the city continued to grow in size and population. Planning projects at the time led to more downtown buildings and the destruction of many neighborhoods to build roads. In the same period, the city became a center of cultural movement, contributing to the current outlook.
Recent HistoryMore recently, the city has has experienced a boom in business and population. Despite falling victim to the economic trouble, the city's economy mostly recovered and neighborhoods continue to survive. Today the city is known for its cultural outlook and remains one of the top tourist destinations. Tourism is the city's largest industry.
Take a look at each of our stunning locations and imagine yourself there: